Recent Advances in VIP Physiology and Pathophysiology

Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a 28-residue amino acid peptide initially isolated from porcine duodenum and first characterized in 1970 [1]. A member of the secretin/glucagon hormone superfamily [1,2], VIP is evolutionarily well conserved with sequence homology among fish, frogs, and humans [3]; for mammals, except for guinea pigs and chickens [4], the sequence homology…

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Physical and Psychological Effects of Long Term Injury on Tennis Players

The physical and psychological effects of long term injury on nonprofessional and semiprofessional tennis players Background (500 words) 393 Sports injuries are an unfortunate and prevalent side effect to taking part in athletic competition. If not treated properly, injuries endured while playing a sport couldn’t just have a negative impact on your performance, as well…

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Reduction of Anterior Shoulder Dislocation: The External Rotation Method

Assignment:   Reduction of Anterior Shoulder Dislocation: The External Rotation Method Vs The Milch Method   Introduction There are a variety of glenohumeral shoulder dislocation types and this literature review will specifically concentrate on Anterior Shoulder Dislocation (ASD) treatment. The first documented shoulder dislocation comes from as early as 3000BC, with murals depicting the Kocher…

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Detection of Aseptic Loosening in Total Knee Replacements

Detection of aseptic loosening in total knee replacements: a systematic review and meta-analysis Introduction Total knee replacements are an effective surgery for osteoarthritis[1]. Last year, over 55,000 operations were performed in Australia[2]. Aseptic loosening is the most common reason for revision of primary total knee replacements in Australia and remains the major factor limiting the…

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Physiology of the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems

Exercise Physiology Practical Report 2018 Introduction                                                                                                 This report outlines the results and analysis of an experiment to study the physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and how they respond to short periods of exercise. The cardiovascular system consists of three major components: blood, the heart and blood vessels (Tortora and Derrickson, 2017, p.6) and…

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